Landmannalaugar is one of the volcanic tourist attraction
in Iceland. Here you can find a large spectrum of the
appearances of volcanism, there are lava fields,
solfatares and even a warm river. A must see, but
a lot of tourist.
Landmannalaugar translates into "the warm
springs of the country men" and already describes one
of the attrations of this place. There is a small
creek flowing along the hot lava field so that the water is
heated. The river flows steaming into a pool which is
also fed by a very cold river from the mountains.
The pool provides the best opportunity to take a wonderful
bath: You can choose the temperatur of your bath by
changing the distance to the mouth of the hot river.
The nearer you get there the hotter it is. The pool
is 50 meters away from the campsite and early in the
morning you can often enjoy this wonder all on your own.
The campsite is well equipped for Icelandic xxxgegebenheitenxxx
because some travel companies drive groups of tourists here
with large busses. In the afternoons whole tent cities
are growing out of nowhere. These tents vanish at the
next morning when the groups travel on. If you are
lucky you can see this area at mixed weather when
dark clouds xxxverdeckenyyy the sun sometimes and
in the twilight a rainbow shows up at the sky.
warm spring there is a lot more to see in Landmannalaugar.
It is in the middle of the large nature reserve
and is one of the most interesting areas of it.
The mountains here are made of Rhyolith,
a stone that is very colorful. Red, orange and yellow
are mixed with the grey and black lava stone so the Icelanders
call these the colored mountains. High over the campsite
is the Brennisteinsalda, a mountain from which a huge
stream of lava came down into the valley.
It is worth the work to follow the marked bath up
to the mountain. The trail follows a small river, crosses
the lava field and then goes straight up to the peak.
In the lava field you can examine all the different kinds
of Lava. Besides the usual, porous, grey lava there is
Obsidian, a glass-like material with very sharp,
plain and dark black edges meets the surface here.
From the top of the
mountain one can see the way the lava stream took on its way
down into the valley. Below the peak there are some
solfatares, sulfurous steams are coming out of little
holes in the floor. Sulfour condenses on the cold stones
and paints the earth in a green and yellow color. At the
stones surface there are millions of sulfur crytals that
are worth a very close look. The flora in this area is
manifold, the plants adapt to the different
conditions, some funghi grow directly in the hot steam,
some wonderful rockery plants with wonderful
blossoms grow in small, sheltered niches on the
about this landscape:
Geology of Iceland. Rocks and Landscapes. Þorleifur
Einarsson. Publisher: Mál og menning, Reykjavík,
1994. ISBN: 9979-3-0689-0.
Encouraging, praising & criticizing eMails are highly appreciated.