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    Architectural Styles  
Modified: 09.11.2003

Of course these pages cannot replace all the literature that was published to these topics. References to literature dealing with a specific building can be found on the page describing the building. Here you find the general works. First there is a section of guides that describe the buildings on different regions on earth. The second part presents books that are concerned with architectural styles and their historic development. In the third section some literature about churches and some explanations of the meaning of their exterior and interior.


Georg Dehio: Dehio - Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. (Handbook of the German art monuments).
The standard work on German buildings. Meanwhile there exist at least one own volume for each federal state. For each place the existing art monuments are listed and described. A first class reference work.
Publisher: Dehio Vereinigung (Deutscher Kunstverlag)
Richard Reid: The book of Buildings.
For each era (classical antiquity, from Byzance to the middle ages, the modern classical period, the modern architecture) the most important buildings are presented, sorted by countries. The pages are a little bit messy (many images spread over the pages), there are short descriptions to the buildings and to special topics as sacral architecture, public buildings, residential buildings or castles and palaces.
Publisher: Michael Joseph Ltd, London, Great Britain.
ISBN: 0-7181-1903-7

Architectural Styles:
Wilfried Koch: Baustilkunde. (Architectural Styles Encyclopaedia)
A very complete book with unbelievably many drawings supplemented by short, precise descriptions. The main sections are sacral architecture, castles and palaces, public buildings and urban development. In each section the according buildings are presented ordered by era and countries. Before there is a short description of the main elements of the architectural style and the local characteristics. There is a very comprehensive, multi-lingual index of keywords and an illustrated glossary. This is THE standard book and it is very cheap.
Publisher: Orbis Verlag, Münich, 1994.
ISBN: 3-572-00689-9.

Hans Sedlmayr: Die Entstehung der Kathedrale. (The development of the cathedral)
This is the standard book on cathedrals. It is not only a presentation of the architectual and technical elements (eg the groined vault) but also a complete description of the meaning of each element, the context in the liturgy and the origin in the religious believes of the middle ages. The work does not only provide the "HO" but also the "WHY" of a church and its elements and their principles of design.
Publisher: Herder Verlag, Freiburg im Breisgau, 1993.
ISBN: 3-451-04181-2.
Joris Karl Huysmans: Die Kathedrale. (The cathedral)
This book is not an encycopaedia or a non-fiction work but a novel written at the end of the 19th century (the time Victor Hugo wrote his famous works). The book is autobiographic and tells the story of a young man who has to decide wether to enter a monastery or not. It is a very lively description of the wave of piety that sweeps over Europe during the 19th century and gives way for the building of many neo-gothic or neo-romanic churches and for a new tradition of pilgrimage. In passing Huysmans describes the cathedral of Chartres very precisely and explains a big part of the mediaeval symbolism and mysticism in the dialogues of his main character. Even Sedlmayr mentions this book (because of the provided knowledge), but he describes it as a "strange work" not least because he sees churches more as a object of scientific examination than as a place of practised christian belief and superstition.
Publisher: P. Kirchheim Verlag, Munich, 1990.
ISBN: 3-87410-033-2.


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